Category Archives: Open Access Journals

Insights into Popular Types of Articles Published in Scientific & Academic Journals

Journals today, publish different publish different types of academic and scientific articles. The categories used to label the article are numerous and confusing. Familiarising yourself with the types of articles published, can help you determine if your article is publishable (in a specific journal) or not.

In this blog post, let’s have a look at the types of articles published by the scientific and academic journals. 

Original article – All most all journals publish original articles. The original article provides a detailed description about the approaches used to perform the original research, the findings obtained through those methods, and the implications of the key results. Typically, the design of the original article is analytical and includes defined research question (s), hypothesis, and discussion as to how the result approved or disapproved the hypothesis. Original articles is the most appropriate form of articles to publish in the journals. However, the length, editorial style and structure of the article vary according to the journals. For instance, the scientific article should include an introduction, methodology, results and discussion section. 

Theoretical article – The  application of the theories in real world situations or events is the main reason for publishing theoretical articles.Theoretical article introduces and discusses abstract principles and ideas in an established or novel manner. The abstract is made specific to body of knowledge with main focus on ideas that are formulated to explain and predict a phenomenon. Theoretical articles are peer reviewed and do not report empirical study.  Although the primary goal of this type of article is to predict the phenomenon, the purpose of the article may according to the study. The vocabulary, augmentation and language used in theoretical article must be of high-quality to get it published in journals. 

Review article – Literature reviews, often known as review articles is one among the articles published by the journals. Review articles take a wider perspective on the published sources or narrow area of specialisation. Many a time, review articles goes beyond than the year’s publication. However, the major focus of the article tends to be the same, i.e., evaluation of aspects in the field of study. Crucial themes, debates, theories, gaps and trends in the current study will be highlighted and discussed in such type of articles. Longer review articles include every source relevant to the topic published, whereas shorter articles focused more on publication of specific value.  

Description of research methodology – Although all the description of research methods is described in the methodology section of the original article, research methodology can still be the major focus of some journals. Here, the methodology section discussed must be significant and differ from that of the original article. Some journals also publish briefly explained technical innovations or modification of a technique or equipment. The structure of the research methodology will remain the same but the methods must be tested, discussed and proved to be of potential value to the study area. This type of article will be peer reviewed by the experts before the publication. 

Study observation & reports – Articles based on observational research are published using various names such as case studies/case reports (event, individual, phenomenon or place is under investigation) and other articles subjected to field notes, anthropology, scientific descriptions and historical survey. Observational type of articles must be descriptive in nature, test hypothesis, predict basis of observation and forms of analysis. The case study must be used as foundation for wider generalisation and should provide a scope for informed actions and predictions.  

Notes or letters – Such articles are the brief reports of data from the original articles. The journals publish notes or letters to encourage readers to conduct further research on the topic. Such articles are time sensitive and have strict length restrictions. The topic of this type of article lies within the scope of the academic and scientific journal and are commonly called as micro-articles, research reports, technical notes, and conference announcements.

ELK Asia Pacific Journals – A Perfect Platform to Showcase Your Work

Every researcher has a dream of having their work published and reaching a wide audience. After pouring your time, energy, efforts, it is the ultimate testament of success for any researcher when their research get published on a prestigious platform. There is no higher reason for elation than this. That is why it is of utmost importance to select a platform that meets all your requirements and provides you with an audience that will appreciate, support and encourage your work.

Since our inception in 2009, ELK Asia Pacific Journals have been working with the sole purpose of encouraging and enriching the scientific community by publishing research articles that are of the highest quality. We provide our audience with the finest selection of scientific articles, thus ensuring that they look no further than us for their dose of published scientific work.

Would you not like to publish your work on such a platform? A platform that has a far reach with a dedicated audience. Our strong commitment to the scientific community is what makes us the perfect choice for getting your research published with us.

Here are the top reasons why you should choose ELK Asia Pacific Journals as your publishing platform.

  1. Fast Response:
    Our expert team works round the clock to review your work and give constructive feedback. Once you share your manuscript, we will get back to you with the review in less than 15 days.
  1. Global Reach:
    International indexes and databases such as Google Scholar, Journals Directory, Cabell’s, Index Copernicus, ROAD, CiteFactor, JournalsGuide and various others that showcase our ELK Asia Pacific Journals
  1. Open Access with DOI
    Get free and open access to all of our renowned articles via DOI. All published manuscripts are assigned a unique and perpetual Digital Object Identifier (DOI) number through which the papers can be easily identified and used in future research.
  1. Impact Factor Rewards
    We have JD Impact Factor scores of 2.045 in 2014 for our international journal of marketing and retail management. The journal of finance scored a much higher quotient of 2.137. This is a result of our hard work, commitment and diligent pursuit of excellence.
  1. An Efficient Peer Review Process:
    The highly fair and efficient Double Blind Peer Review process is what makes various authors choose our platform. All manuscripts we receive processed by a software based grammar check and plagiarism scan, before getting forwarding to the editorial board.

At ELK Asia Pacific Journals, you get nothing short of the highest standards and there is no reason why you shouldn’t choose to publish with us.

5 Must-Haves for a Great Manuscript

Do you want a publication house to publish your manuscript or at least consider it for publishing? Well, know the 5 must-haves for a great manuscript and you can incorporate it in your manuscript to enhance its change of being published.

A Great First Paragraph

Do you know that the first paragraph of your manuscript sets the pace for the rest of it? If you start with a great first paragraph, you can succeed in turning your manuscript to something people will desire to read. If the first paragraph is not written correctly, the reviewers or critics will get bored and will place a rejection notice nag to your manuscript. So, ensure to start your manuscript with a killer first paragraph and intrigue your readers.

Right Punctuations

As writers, we often take things from granted. But if you want to ensure that the publication house and the editor take interest in your manuscript, place the right punctuations wherever required. Editors will easily differentiate between an intentional and unintentional punctuation choice. So, make sure to recheck the punctuations and be aware of the purposes of a dash, semi-colon, colon, period and coma.

Interesting Plot

If you have written a novel or a fictional story, the plot needs to be interesting. Always remember that there are millions of novels and books available in the market. Additionally, the publishing houses which you wish to contact receive hundreds of manuscripts on a weekly basis. So, if you want to gain their interest and want them interested in publishing your manuscript, you need to ensure that the plot is unique and intriguing. Even if you have chosen a cliché topic for your novel or story, make it interesting and unique with new storyline, captivating characters etc.

Good Formatting

Do you know that large numbers of manuscripts are rejected just because they are not formatted well? You will surely not want to make the same mistake with your manuscript. For this reason, it is advisable to know beforehand the ways to format your manuscript, including right spacing, margins, document style, font style etc.

Great Ending

Just as the beginning of a manuscript is important, in the similar way the ending is also crucial. You will not want your readers to be reading your novel with great interest all the way to feel disappointed or frustrated with the ending. So, ensure a great ending and get applauses from your readers!

Ethics in Paper Writing and Publishing

Paper writing and publishing involves certain ethics which needs to be strictly adhered to. There are ethics laid down for the author, editor and publisher. Read on to get an insight about ethics in paper writing and publishing.

Ethics of the Author

  • All the work which is conducted in the manuscript and paper needs to be free from any form of plagiarism and must be original.
  • The paper should not have been previously published anywhere else or submitted to any other journal or publishing house at the same time.
  • If there is any conflict of interest, the author needs to transparently acknowledge it.
  • If the author is using the content from any other sources, they need to obtain permission for it beforehand.
  • The author needs to clearly acknowledge the other works by any institution, company or individual which the author has mentioned or used in the paper.
  • Only those individuals who have made significant contribution to the composition or interpretation of the paper needs to be listed as ‘authors’. The other contributors needs to be added as ‘co-authors’.

Now when we have clearly listed down the ethics of the author, it is time to ascertain the ethics of the editor who edits the written paper.

Ethics of the Editor

    • The editor of the written paper holds a significant position and need to make unbiased editing.
    • The editor requires maintaining transparency of the academic research and need to be willing to public rectifications, retractions and erratum when needed.
    • The editor require assessing the written paper for their originality, quality and intellectual content without any form of biasness on the basis of religion, geographical location, gender or race of the author.
    • The editor should not disclose the content of the paper to anyone before the publication of the paper.

Now finally, let us learn about the ethics of the publisher.

Ethics of the Publisher

  • The publisher needs to work with the editor of the paper to ensuring appropriate decisions regarding publication process and to maintain the transparency of the editorial decisions.
  • The publisher need to ensure the originality of the paper with respect to paper modification, timely publication of the paper, authorship, confidentiality, conflict of interest and research findings.
  • If the publisher notices any form of plagiarism or misconduct in the published paper, they need to investigate it properly and deal with strict authority!

The Good and the Bad of Open Access Journals

The pros and cons of open access journals have always been a topic of debate amongst scholars and publishers. A recent piece of news states that open-access index delists thousands of journals.Cource CorrectionBut on the other hand, in a dramatic statement, European leaders call for ‘immediate ‘open access to all scientific papers by 2020.

The discussions related to open access journals have varied from enthusiasm to a new business model to active lobbying against open–access proposals. Though open-access is widely recognised in making research results more accessible, it is not without its opponents. Those opposing open-access model are of the view that it is a very complicated issue, especially for smaller players in the world of publication.

Those advocating open–access do so for the following benefits:

  • Freely available for all
    The main advantage of open access journals is that it is free and available for anyone who wishes to read them. No payment is to be made for an individual article or journal subscription, so it is very beneficial to libraries and readers.
  • Increased Readership
    Open access has given more options for an article to be discovered online. Authors benefit from open access as it can help open up their research to a wider audience. An increased number of readers will result in increased number of citations for the author. Free access to scientific knowledge strengthens education, research and development.
  • Free access for researchers in developing countries
    Open access publishing gives free access to researchers in low income countries and small or specialized research institutions. It provides the scientists in such countries the opportunity to participate in international research community.
  • Takes less time to be published
    As open access articles are published sooner than articles in non-open access journals, they reach a wider audience and it enhances visibility of the articles published.Those opposing open-access state the following reasons:
  • Publication Fees
    Even though the end user doesn’t have to pay to read an open access article, someone has to bear the costs of publication. Usually it is the author who covers the cost. In times of austerity, researchers may be discouraged from opting for open access.
  • Lack of quality control
    Open access journals do not have the same established reputation as conventional journals. Open access model encourages journals to publish more articles. As large portion of the revenue comes from publication fees, authors may be discouraged from publishing more articles and it may have a negative impact on the overall quality.
  • Sustainability
    Those opposing open access model, assert that pay-for-access model is necessary to ensure that authors are adequately compensated for their work. Maintaining a scholarly reputation, arranging peer review and editing articles require sufficient economic resources, that is not possible under an open access model.


Inspite of all its disadvantages, open access model is still the most sought after option.

Where to Publish Your Scientific Articles

In the recent years, there has been a lot of discussion regarding the choice of publication.

And I’m sure, if you are a research candidate and all set for publication, these questions would be eating your head continuously

Which journal should I go with?
Should it be peer-reviewed?
Should it be paid?
Should it be discipline specific?
Should it be open-access?

Well! Everything comes up with a never ending list of pros and cons. And deciding, where to publish your research is a troublesome task.

After conducting experiments, writing and successfully editing your article, you would be wondering…

What Next??

Oh! Obviously, now, you are going to submit your research paper for publication.

But Where??

All through this process, it is important to take time to finalize where do you want to publish your research manuscript and which platform is the best for you to reflect your work to the academic experts.

Research Journals??

Research or academic journals are your ultimate destination in that case. The purpose of academic journals is to serve as a forum to introduce and scrutinize new research and critique of existing research. Academic or research journals present articles relating to a specific academic discipline or methodology.

To amplify your chances of impact and strongly convey your message to the academic experts, it is important to pick the right academic journal.

Here are few things to consider for your publication that will help you in deciding the right journal:

1. The Impact of Impact Factor:

Will the impact factor of the research journal have an effect on your career?


The impact factor of an academic journal is a measure of the frequency with which the average article in a journal has been cited in a particular year.

Some of the Universities want their research candidates to publish their articles in high impact factor journal because in some professional and academic circles, the more publications you have in a high impact factor journal, the better your chance of promotion.

2. Target Your Target Reader:

There are thousands of journals that have their monthly and quarterly publication schedule. Some of the journals are discipline specific in nature while others are general but highly noteworthy.

But the real questions are now up to you:

Do you want your article to publish in a research journal that will engage those in your research domain to increase chances of gaining new collaboration, recognition and may be new funding?


Do the readers you want to reach tend to reference particular journals?

Ask these two questions to yourself before proceeding with publication.

3. Journal’s Quality & Standard:

The content quality of a Journal is a critical issue. Quality content refers to both visual as well as language aspect of a journal.

When reviewing any journal for visual quality, check for the sharpness of images and text format. Language aspect includes correct grammar and ease of reading.

The other important factor that affects the quality of a journal is the timely publication. Your research work includes new trends in your specific domain, and you want people to read and get to know this ASAP. So, the schedule of publication also matters.

4. Publication Cost:

Where will you publish your research may also depend on the cost of publishing.

Many journals do charge on a per-page basis and even have added fees for color images such as graphs, photos, etc.

Before proceeding for publication, ask yourself; Can you afford to publish in the particular journal of your interest?

Well, narrow down your search for a suitable journal, ELK Journals provides you a vital open- access platform for widening to the farthest reach.

Tips to Write for a High-Quality Journal

What seems like common sense isn’t common practice”, says Rowena Murray (An expert journal writer). Of course, one may deviate from the flow of writing, although being very intellect and content in writing journal. Thus, by following some expert and fast track tips you can maintain your productivity and write a high quality journal-

  • Prepare a layout – Why do you want to write a journal? What are you planning to write for it? Whether it will be an academic or research base writing? How much time you will need to finish your write-up? All these questions are mandatory to be planned out before you start writing for the journal. Therefore, think and plan before you write.
  • Read thoroughly before you write – Read journals akin to your interest and topic chosen for your journal. Reading will add on ideas and knowledge in your summon to write. Scan these journals with a zooming standpoint of your curiosity and underline the vital ones.
  • Just write – When you have a well framed plan and you have gone through enough journals of your aligned topic, then what’s more to be done? It’s time to mold your thoughts and knowledge into words and structure the write-ups for journals.
  • Do not stretch for long – “Slow and steady wins the game”….yes it’s true. Therefore, take short breaks in between writing, but write in a flow once you sit with your pen so that yours may not get distracted from your point. You should avoid writing in a long stretch because it may make your sense monotonous.
  • Take expert advice – As an examinee cannot be a good examiner similarly you being a writer cannot find your own mistakes, therefore taking an expert advice in this sense is always beneficial for your write-up.

Thus, aforesaid tips help in writing for a high quality journal.

To What Extend Is Google Scholar Contributing to Enriching Society?

Introduction of a special targeted search engine “Google Scholar” for academicians, scholars are assisting in bringing content upfront more relevant to their requirement.

It will continue to be more beneficial to scholar community, authors and users of open access and society at large provided it develops a strong collaboration between users and providers of academic information.

Popularity of specialized search services, such as Google Scholar, is an inevitable and welcome approach in the academic community for the simple logic that Google Scholar enables you to search content specifically for scholarly literature, including research results, review papers, thesis, books and abstracts from all areas of research and technology.

Students and researchers are using Google Scholar to find articles from a wide range of academic publishers, professional societies, repositories and universities, as well as research articles available across the web.

Google Scholar has a potential edge over some other existing search engines because it serves as a specialist with its existing advantages. It is like going to a specialist doctor for your ailment rather than going to a general physician. It makes your search more targeted and results more accurate.

Unavailability of concrete answers about the search results, lack of source description and ranking criteria is creating concerns about comprehensiveness of Google Scholar search results and is creating more doubts in minds of already sceptical academic audience which fears the possibility of results manipulation.

Some latest results have shown that Google Scholar has widened its coverage and enhanced its functionality over the years, as a result many from the academic fraternity has started trusting Google scholar more over. There are many different ways to search content across Google Scholar and other resources and the number results retrieved varies significantly between different resources, thus making data from these studies difficult to interpret as to which is better.

Though we cannot neglect the fact that in order to succeed further Google scholar will have to be updated and keep pace with expectation of its users and latest technological developments in order to be more useful to society.

The Hook or Crook of Open Access

In recent years there has been much discussion between publishing community, librarians and the research fraternity about the potential benefits of free access to research information. Like two sides of a coin, open access also has two sides to it. Let us discuss some pros and cons of the open access model here.

Let’s Discuss the Advantages First –

  1. Most positive aspect of open access model is – it is free for reader community. People in favour of open access state that free availability of research articles will ensure wider dissemination and thus benefiting science and research fraternity.
  2. Another advantage deriving community is libraries. The open access model is beneficial for libraries in a situation where they are forced to cut down on subscriptions due to increased charges.
  3. Increased readership – Under this model authors are able to share their research to wider audience available online, thus increasing readership because it is freely available to readers.
  4. Advantage for developing countries- Open access is a boon for researchers from developing countries where access to subscription based journals is an issue. Open access helps such researchers and scientists to have access to international research community with either waived or free publication fee.

Now Let’s Have a Look on Disadvantages Also – 

  1. Not free for author- though it is free for readers, authors have to pay for publishing. Thus proving there are no free lunches. This causes researchers and authors to discourage open access.
  2. Compromise on quality- it is argued that since open access benefits journals by publishing more articles, as majority of profit is coming from publication. Thus they encourage more articles, in turn destroying the quality of the article.
  3. Sustainability – It is argued whether an open access model can support research publication infrastructure over the long term, thus raising question over its sustainability.

The Cutting – Throat Competition of Journal Indexes

Indexation of a journal is a reflection of its quality. Indexed journals are measured higher in quality as compared to non-indexed journals, thus forming the basis of competition in journal indexing. And it is not spared from the debate.

Many popular indexation services have developed over the years. But credibility and ranking of each is a topic of discussion amongst the author community.

It has become a matter of concern as to how to decide which indexation service is most acceptable and valid globally. Also, what are the parameters for comparing the quality of papers/research published in a journal indexed by different indexation services.

The reason indexing has become an important parameter and thus a matter of contest is because academic institutions are emphasizing a lot on the importance of indexed publication, thus raising a contest among authors also for selecting the right kind of indexed journal for publishing their research.

Publishers and journals are found bragging about the number of indexing services that cover their journals. And this contention is because publishers want to attract more author fees by pretending to be the most sought after publication by way of number of indexing services that cover them.

This has lead to a lot of confusion amongst the author community as selection of a high quality journal has become a difficult decision. Absence of correct guidelines on this topic is another reason for this confusion. As a result, many publications are claiming that their journals are indexed in “X” number of indexing services, which in fact are not indexing services. Either projecting a false claim or they are ignorant about journal indexing.

Moreover, with so many indexation services in the market, there are questions and doubts which warrant a discussion. There are questions which need to be answered, like which indexation service is most relevant and universally acceptable. Associations of editors and other organization from the same fraternity can play a pivotal role in clearing these doubts.